Al-Qaida and ISIS Turn On Each Other in the Sahel, With Civilians in the Crossfire

France announced earlier this month that its armed forces had killed Abdelmalek Droukdel, the emir of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, or AQIM, during a June 3 military operation in northern Mali. The operation, carried out by French troops with the help of intelligence and surveillance aircraft provided by the United States, represents a rare, quantifiable victory for France and its counterterrorism partners in the region as they struggle to contain a bloody insurgency by jihadist groups.

A veteran of Algeria’s brutal civil war in the 1990s, Droukdel’s rise and fall in many ways mirrors the fortunes of the organization he led. As recently as 2012, AQIM was widely considered the most well-financed al-Qaida franchise in the world, reportedly raking in tens of millions of dollars annually through kidnapping for ransom and smuggling contraband. That revenue allowed it to expand its influence throughout the Sahel, as AQIM formed a key component of the jihadist takeover of northern Mali in 2012, only to be subsequently driven from its Malian strongholds by a French-led military intervention in 2013.